Tuesday, November 22, 2016
By now everyone knows that Donald Trump has been elected president of the United States and will begin to serve his term in January 2017. No matter who is president, everyone living in the U.S. has certain basic rights under the U.S. Constitution.
Undocumented immigrants have these rights, too. It is important that we all assert and protect our basic rights.
If you find you have to deal with Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) or other law enforcement officers at home, on the street, or anywhere else, remember that you have the rights described in this factsheet. The factsheet also provides suggestions for what you should do to assert your rights.
1. You have the right to remain silent. You may refuse to speak to immigration officers.
• Don’t answer any questions. You may also say that you want to remain silent.
• Don’t say anything about where you were born or how you entered the U.S.
2. Carry a know-your-rights card and show it if an immigration officer stops you.
• The card explains that you will remain silent and that you wish to speak with an attorney.
3. Do not open your door.
• To be allowed to enter your home, ICE must have a warrant signed by a judge. Do not open your door unless an ICE agent shows you a warrant. (They almost never have one.) If an ICE agent wants to show you a warrant, they can hold it against a window or slide it under the door. To be valid, the warrant must have your correct name and address on it.
• You do not need to open the door to talk with an ICE agent. Once you open the door, it is much harder to refuse to answer questions.
4. You have the right to speak to a lawyer.
• You can simply say, “I need to speak to my attorney.”
• You may have your lawyer with you if ICE or other law enforcement questions you.
5. Before you sign anything, talk to a lawyer.
• ICE may try to get you to sign away your right to see a lawyer or a judge. Be sure you understand what a document actually says before you sign it.
6. Always carry with you any valid immigration document you have.
• For example, if you have a valid work permit or green card, be sure to have it with you in case you need to show it for identification purposes.
• Do not carry papers from another country with you, such as a foreign passport. Such papers could be used against you in the deportation process.
7. If you are worried ICE will arrest you, let the officer know if you have children.
• If you are the parent or primary caregiver of a U.S. citizen or permanent resident who is under age 18, ICE may “exercise discretion” and let you go.
Because Donald Trump has made many anti-immigrant statements, ICE and other law enforcement officers may think they can get away with violating your rights. Sometimes ICE officers lie to people in order to get them to open their doors or sign away their rights. If ICE detains you or you are concerned that they will conduct raids in your area, this is what you can do:
Create a safety plan.
• Memorize the phone number of a friend, family member, or attorney that you can call if you are arrested.
• If you take care of children or other people, make a plan to have them taken care of if you are detained.
• Keep important documents such as birth certificates and immigration documents in a safe place where a friend or family member can access them if necessary.
• Make sure your loved ones know how to find you if you are detained by ICE. They can use ICE’s online detainee locator (https://locator.ice.gov/odls/homePage.do) to find an adult who is in immigration custody. Or they can call the local ICE office (https://www.ice.gov/contact/ero). Make sure they have your alien registration number written down, if you have one.
Nachman Phulwani Zimovcak (NPZ) Law Group is an immigration group with offices in New York, New Jersey, Indiana and with affiliated offices in Canada and in India. We assist our clients with all U.S. and Canadian immigration and nationality matters on a routine basis. For more information, or to speak to one of our immigration and nationality lawyers or attorneys, please feel free to e-mail us at firstname.lastname@example.org or to call us at 201-670-0006 (x107).
National in scope, the business immigration law firm of NPZ Law Group represents clients from throughout the United States and around world. Regionally, our attorneys remain committed to serving the immigration needs of businesses in the Tri-state area and the Hudson Valley, including residents of Ridgewood, Newark, and Jersey City, Burlington County, Bergen County, Camden County, Cumberland County, Essex County, Hudson County, Mercer County, Middlesex County, Monmouth County, Morris County, Passaic County, Salem County, Union County, northern New Jersey, southern New Jersey, central New Jersey, NJ; New York City, Rockland County, Orange County, Westchester County, Kings County, Sullivan County, Ulster County, New York, NY; Chicago, Illinois, IL; and Toronto and Montreal, Canada. Our nationwide practice focused on quality legal representation and personal service.